The resulting fires burned uncontrolled, as there was a risk of sending firefighters. Anti-personnel mines had been placed in areas around oil wells and military clean-up of the areas was needed before the fires were extinguished. Somewhere, some 6 million barrels (950,000 m3) of oil were lost every day. Finally, private crews extinguished the fires, costing Kuwait a total cost of $1.5 billion.  However, at that time, the fires had burned for about 10 months, causing widespread pollution. During the conflict, coalition airstrikes over Iraq were portrayed as prisoners of war on television, most with visible signs of abuse. Among several reports of ill-treatment, USAF Captain Richard Storr was reportedly tortured by Iraqis during the Persian Gulf War. The Iraqi secret police broke their noses, pulled their shoulder and pierced his eardrums.  The Royal Air Force tornadoes, John Nichol and John Peters, both claimed that they had been tortured during this period.   Nichol and Peters were forced to make statements on television against the war. Members of the British Special Air Service Bravo Two Zero were captured while providing coalition forces with information on an Iraqi supply line for Scud missiles. Only one, Chris Ryan, escaped capture, while the other survivors of the group were violently tortured.  Flight surgeon (later General) Rhonda Cornum was sexually assaulted by one of her captors after the Black Hawk helicopter she was riding in was shot down while searching for a downed F-16 pilot.
On 1 January 1949, a UN-brokered ceasefire was concluded between India and Pakistan, ending the 1947 Indo-Pakistan War (also known as the 1947 Kashmir War). In October 1947, fighting broke out in Kashmir between the two newly independent countries, with India intervening on behalf of the princely ruler of Kashmir, who joined India, and Pakistan, which supported the rebels. Fighting was limited to Kashmir, but as India feared it would turn to a global international war, India referred the matter to the UN Security Council, in accordance with Article 35 of the UN Charter, which deals with situations „likely to threaten the maintenance of international peace.“ The Security Council established the United Nations Special Commission for India and Pakistan, which acted as a mediator for a year during which the fighting continued.