The agreement not only formalizes the process of drawing up national plans, but also contains a binding commitment to assess and review progress made under these plans. This mechanism will require countries to constantly update their commitments and ensure that there is no regression. The agreement recognizes the role of non-partisan stakeholders in the fight against climate change, including cities, other sub-national authorities, civil society, the private sector and others. Beyond the Paris Agreement, the global mobilization of political leaders and civil society activists around the Paris conference may go down in history, since our societies have officially decided to opt out of fossil fuels. Affordable and scalable solutions are now available to enable countries to move towards cleaner, more resilient economies. The pace of change is accelerating as more and more people turn to renewable energy and a number of other measures that will reduce emissions and intensify adaptation efforts. Today, climate change affects every country on every continent. It disrupts economies and affects life, costing people, communities and countries today and tomorrow even more. As part of COP21, France`s strategy includes a wide range of high-level actors (French President, Special Envoy for the Planet, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Climate Ambassadors) supported by an interdepartmental multidisciplinary team. The Paris agreement addressed one of the main points of disagreement that limited the impact of the Kyoto Protocol, that is, the refusal of developing countries to engage in the same boat as the industrialized world, on the basis of their belief that the countries of the North are responsible for the historic construction of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
The problem was solved by the realization that countries are moving at different rates and that the North needs to provide financial support. Under the agreement, the developed world will provide $100 billion in climate finance to developing countries each year, an amount considered „land.“ A new funding target will be set by 2025. The agreement provides that countries would use the resources to „contain the rise in global average temperature well below 2 degrees Celsius“ and „continue efforts to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius.“ For the weaker islands and countries, limiting the increase in temperatures to 1.5 degrees Celsius is a victory. This means that investments in fossil fuels will be phased out by 2030, leading to the end of carbon energy planned for 2050. The adoption of the Paris Agreement is part of a long-standing effort by the scientific community to combat climate change. The agreement is ambitious and offers all the instruments we need to combat climate change, reduce emissions and adapt to the effects of climate change. To contribute to the goals of the agreement, countries presented comprehensive national climate change plans (national fixed contributions, NDC). These are not yet sufficient to meet the agreed temperature targets, but the agreement points to the way forward for further measures. INDE has addressed the challenges of eradicating poverty while reducing greenhouse gas emissions. About 24% of the world`s population without access to electricity (304 million) lived in India.
Nevertheless, the country planned to „reduce the intensity of its GDP emissions by 33-35% by 2030“ from 2005 levels. The country has also attempted to buy about 40% of its electricity from renewable energy sources, not fossil fuels by 2030.